Vocational Rehabilitation is assisting persons with functional, psychological, developmental, cognitive and emotional impairments and health conditions to overcome barriers to accessing, maintaining or returning to employment, to a position in the community and / or to quality of life (adapted from VRA Canada)
6 Key factors can influence (either facilitate or hinder) a person living with HIV’s decision to return to work.
- Environmental factors such as economic climate and location of residence (urban versus rural) can impact the opportunities and the ability for an individual to remain or return to the workforce.
- Structural factors such as stigma and poverty can complicate the ability to participate in the work force.
- The episodic nature of HIV, characterized by sometimes unpredictable periods of wellness and illness can further complicate the ability for someone to remain or return to work.
- Personal factors including age, gender, employment history, and level of education may facilitate or hinder the ability to work.
- Characteristics of work, such as transitioning in and out of the workforce, diversity of employment types (full time, part time, contract work), and remuneration will influence the ability to participate in the workforce.
- Finally, the meaning that individuals place on work, such as the need for survival, self-determination, and the emotional benefits tied to work, can also influence the decisions surrounding labour force participation.